Empeyma – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment


What is Empeyma?

Empyema is collection of pus in the space between the lung and the inner surface of the chest wall. This area in our body is known as the pleural space.

Causes of Empyema

Empyema is caused by infection of the chest space after Pneumonia, Tuberculosis or any injury to the Chest. In rare cases, it can occur after food aspiration also. Empyema can occur in all age groups from youngest to oldest.

Symptoms of Empyema

Symptoms of Empyema are:

  • Chest pain on the involved side
  • Dry cough
  • Fever and chills
  • General discomfort, uneasiness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weight loss etc.

Diagnosis of Empyema

The diagnosis of Empyema is suspected on clinical features and is confirmed by Chest X-Ray, CT scan of chest and aspiration of the pus from the chest cavity.

Empyema Treatment

In the initial Stage, Empyema is treated with antibiotics and by inserting a tube in the Chest to drain the pus.
If the disease still persists and in advanced stages of the disease, where a thick layer forms around the lungs, we need to operate and remove this thick layer to allow the lung to expand completely. This procedure is called decortication and is necessary to cure the patients in advance stages of the disease. Conventionally, the Empyema Surgery has been done by Open method, but now a days , this procedure is done by Key Hole surgery ie VATS or Thoracoscopy. The keyhole approach involves no cutting of ribs or muscles and results in less postoperative pain, less complications, shorter hospital stay, quicker discharge from hospital and much faster return to work apart from markedly superior cosmetic result. It is the preferred approach these days, but requires high levels of surgical expertise.

We at Centre for Chest Surgery at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi headed by Prof. Arvind Kumar, Chairman, Centre for Chest Surgery handle a Large volume of Empyema Patients. We regularly perform VATS ie Thoracoscopy decortication for empyema patients with excellent outcomes.

Empyema Patient Testimonials

Patient of Empyema sharing a valuable post surgery feedback.

For Further details, please call at 24X7 Chest Surgery Helpline 8471121212.


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